Whether you need specific symbols for a technical paper or are simply looking to add some flavor to your social media posts, the iPhone keyboard doesn't have a very extensive library of symbols. You can find a few extra symbols by long pressing on certain keys like the '$' which will reveal a few other currency symbols, and you can find some in the emoji library like the trademark and copyright symbols, but they aren't really ideal (they don't appear as superscripts).
Email and Messaging
There are any number of reasons that you may want to save an entire Message thread - perhaps you will need it for legal purposes, maybe you want to keep it for memories. Whatever the case may be, there are a few methods you can employ to save snippets of text conversations or entire conversations if they are relatively short. Unbelievably, however, Apple has not developed a simple way to export a long text conversation - your best bet is to use third-party software like Chatology.
Out-of-office automatic email replies are useful to let people know that you aren't viewing or responding to your emails because you are on vacation or away for any other reason. Every email provider worth its salt has the option somewhere, including Outlook. If you use Outlook to manage other emails like your Gmail or iCloud accounts, you should go directly to the source to set up an out-of-office reply (i.e. log in to Gmail to set up automatic replies for that account).
The stock iOS Mail app does a fine job of bringing multiple email accounts into one place. Apple naturally integrates the Mail app across iOS for a variety of purposes, including smart Siri suggestions and Notification Center widgets. Just browsing your inbox is usually the easiest way to see which messages are a priority.
The out-of-office reply is a handy feature that lets you respond to emails automatically with a message saying that you are out of the office, or anything else you want it to say. Just about every email provider offers this feature, though Apple's Mail app does not have the option - you have to set it up on your Mac with Mail rules, and they are client-side, which means your Mac has to be on the whole time you are away in order to respond with your message.